The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate

By Robert D. Kaplan

In this provocative, startling publication, Robert D. Kaplan, the bestselling writer of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts, deals a revelatory new prism in which to view international upheavals and to appreciate what lies forward for continents and international locations round the world.
 
In The Revenge of Geography, Kaplan builds at the insights, discoveries, and theories of serious geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the close to and far away previous to seem again at severe pivots in heritage after which to appear ahead on the evolving worldwide scene. Kaplan lines the historical past of the world’s sizzling spots by means of analyzing their climates, topographies, and proximities to different embattled lands. The Russian steppe’s pitiless weather and restricted crops bred difficult and harsh males bent on destruction, for instance, whereas Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics completely, calculating that area at the globe utilized by the British Empire and the Soviet Union can be swallowed through a better German homeland.
 
Kaplan then applies the teachings realized to the current crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab center East. the result's a holistic interpretation of the subsequent cycle of clash all through Eurasia. Remarkably, the long run will be understood within the context of temperature, land allotment, and different actual certainties: China, in a position to feed simply 23 percentage of its humans from land that's purely 7 percentage arable, has sought strength, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, placing it in ethical clash with the USA. Afghanistan’s porous borders will retain it the crucial invasion direction into India, and an essential rear base for Pakistan, India’s major enemy. Iran will make the most the benefit of being the single nation that straddles either energy-producing parts of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. ultimately, Kaplan posits that the U.S. may well rue accomplishing far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan instead of tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, that's at the verge of turning into a semifailed nation because of drug cartel carnage.
 
a super rebuttal to thinkers who recommend that globalism will trump geography, this crucial paintings exhibits how undying truths and usual evidence may also help hinder this century’s looming cataclysms.

Praise for The Revenge of Geography
 
“[An] formidable and tough new e-book . . . [The Revenge of Geography] displays an impressive grab of up to date international politics and serves as a robust reminder that it's been the planet’s geophysical configurations, up to the circulation of competing religions and ideologies, that experience formed human conflicts, prior and present.”—Malise Ruthven, The manhattan assessment of Books
 
“Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and highbrow whose fourteen books represent a bedrock of penetrating exposition and research at the post-Cold battle global . . . strips away a lot of the cant that suffuses public discourse nowadays on international advancements and will get to a primary truth: that geography continues to be this day, because it has been all through background, probably the most robust drivers of global events.”—The nationwide Interest
 
“Kaplan plunges right into a planetary evaluate that's usually exciting in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic.”—The New Yorker
 
“[The Revenge of Geography] serves the proof instantly up. . . . Kaplan’s realism and willingness to stand demanding proof make The Revenge of Geography a helpful antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that frequently masquerade as strategic thought.”—The day-by-day Beast

From the Hardcover edition.

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